From the cultural point of view , the story of La Trapa begins in 1810 , when a community of Trappist monks fleeing the French Revolution , he moved to the farm. The canon Pere Roig offers property he had in the Valle de San José de S’Arracó , which has since become known as La Trapa.
The Trappists , besides the vows of poverty and chastity, made a vow of silence . In La Trapa only “frare des pa” , who used to collect alms , had relationships with other people and therefore lived in a remote cottage monastery in Cala Sanutges on one side of the road leading to the Coll de La Trapa. This small house is not only preserved but has been recently restored.
His work of transformation of the valley was spectacular. The construction of terraces and water collection system allowed them to grow cereals , legumes, vegetables and fruit . Possibly had the help of Mallorcan wallers , but they already have experience and knowledge of agricultural techniques and water conveyance .
La Trapa Trappist after
There were very few years that remained in Mallorca Trappists . In 1813 a part of the community abonadona the island and definitely makes the rest in 1820. Since then the property of La Trapa has changed ownership several times. The monastery houses became possession and underwent several changes and adaptations to new uses . More terraces and other buildings were constructed.
Well into the twentieth century the possession was abandoned and the houses started to become ruin.
The GOB adquires La Trapa
In the early eighties hanging over this enclave a clear threat in the form of a proposed subdivision and urbanization. In order to prevent the destruction of habitat that would have involved the implementation of this project, the GOB raises an ambitious new initiative : the acquisition of a natural space for conesrvación and protection. For this challenge the GOB has the support of the Friends Association of La Trapa was a partner in the acquisition and management of space.
But this dream would not have the value that is given if not for the dynamic effect it had on the local civil society (individuals , enterprises, public institutions , associations …) and support of various national and international conservation organizations (WWF , Frankfurt Zoological Society, International Fund for Monuments … ) .
In a time when it was popular in any way having to purchase a natural area to ensure their protection , the GOB and Friends of La Trapa launched an initiative entirely novel : a popular subscription.
This resource was supplemented with an auction of works of art and , above all, a crucial economic contributions among which that of the Frankfurt Zoological Society , which allowed payments ensuring complete the purchase .
The importance of the proposal than just acquiring and protection, because the leading conservation organization of the Balearic Islands got involve society in a common project that was not limited to the purchase, but has continued its run through volunteering environmental .
But the story of the acquisition is long , making this challenge is prolonged from 1980 to the early nineties , when the GOB manages to make effective the last payment.
Meanwhile , while that timid attempts at space management start , La Trapa became the first natural area of the Balearic enjoying a protection based on their declaration hunting lodge ( piece of land where it is banned the practice of hunting ) and its integration into the European Network of Private Biological Reserves ( EUREL ) .
Currently the reserve is declared Special Interest Area for Birds ( SPA) and Site of Community Interest ( SCI) , forming part of the Natura 2000 network .
The two big wildfires that suffers the farm since its acquisition by the GOB, make history and make changes in the management space aimed at the recovery of the forest estate.
The first fire occurs the evening of June 1, 1994 . The fire caused agricultural burning on a neighboring farm , taken without permission , especially without common sense as to the illegality of a fire in the summer without any authorization , the fact of doing adds in a day strong wind .
The fire traveled a few miles before reaching La Trapa and over three days over 1,300 hectares of the municipality , including the whole of the reserve forest area were counted.
If the fire was harmful, almost worse was the subsequent action of surface runoff on the ashes on the fertile soil and even cultural heritage ( the null infiltration capacity of the soil, due to the disappearance of the different plant strata , made abanzase water freely watershed formed by the valleys of the estate ) .
On Friday morning, July 26, 2013 , in consequence of the remains of a barbecue by a neighbor Andratx, a forest fire starts in Sa Coma Calenta that, over the fifteen days it took to be extinct , burned 2,335 acres of the Sierra de Tramontana , affecting three municipalities ( Andratx and Calvia Estallens ) and becoming , unfortunately , suffered fire in the worst so far in the Balearic Islands.
The fire reaches La Trapa 27 early Saturday and burned 80% of the farm and all the work done by the GOB for the recovery of space over the past nineteen years.
La Trapa today
Currently , the GOB hand , thanks to the selfless collaboration of many volunteers , La Trapa is recovering from the consequences of the last incencio and working again in the recovery of the estate and its vegetation cover is still lie ahead with the management which has made possible over the years, it has established itself as a great tool to promote hiking , scientific research , environmental education and nature conservation .